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What is an NGO? Learn What Works and Features


What is an NGO ? (What Is NGO in English) , What are the characteristics of NGO and what is the work of NGO ? We are going to discuss this in detail through today's article. 

What is an NGO? Learn What Works and Features


We have all heard the word  NGO or non-governmental organization more or less.

Perhaps, many of us know that this NGO is a kind of organization which is directly involved in various social activities. 


And so, in order to better understand the issue, we are going to fully discuss about NGO in our today's article. 

So, we have a clear idea about this NGO.  


First we know what this NGO means or what the NGO is called. 


What is NGO?


The word NGO is an acronym  for Non-Governmental Organization .


An NGO is a type of non-profit private organization or group. 


These institutions operate independently of any government. 


NGOs are often referred to as civil societies. 


These organizations have social or political goals; For example, for humanitarian reasons, the community is formed at the national and international level for the welfare of the environment.


And, these NGOs or non-governmental organizations play a major role in international development, assistance and human welfare.


By definition, NGOs are primarily non-profit organizations, but their budgets can run into the millions or even billions of dollars each year.


Basically, these NGOs are financially dependent on government contributions, private grants and donations from members and various sources of funds.


How do NGOs raise money?


As mentioned earlier, these types of organizations operate mainly on the basis of various grants. 

And, as a non-profit, these voluntary organizations rely on sources of funding,

They are-


1. Grants


2. The cost of membership


3. Personal donations


4. Sales of goods and services


Although not under government control, these NGOs rely heavily on government funding. 


The budgets of large voluntary organizations can range from millions to millions of dollars.


Major parts of NGOs:


Initially many NGOs relied on volunteers. 

Again, many voluntary organizations employ paid staff. 


For this reason, the World Bank has divided NGOs into two broad categories -


Operational NGO: 


These types of organizations design development projects and focus on implementing them.


Advocacy NGO: 


These organizations seek to influence public policy by advocating or promoting a particular cause. 


Again, many NGOs fall into both categories at the same time. 


NGOs are usually formed to protect human rights, help improve human health, or influence participation in politics.


Features of NGO:


The characteristics of NGOs largely depend on the socio-economic, political, cultural and legal situation of a country. 

However, in general, we can see some of the basic features of voluntary organizations are:


1. Voluntary Associations:


NGOs are formed based on the general interests of certain groups of people. 

Basically, these voluntary organizations are made up of a group of like-minded volunteers. 


Who come together as an organization to solve a specific common problem.


2. Autonomous:


Such organizations are a kind of independent organization free from government rule, control and interference. 


These non-governmental organizations rely on their own policies and procedures.


3. Service purpose:


These are not for-profit organizations. 

These are aspects of social welfare; For example, it works for the education of children, environment, protection of wildlife and other animals, and improvement of the condition of women. 


Their job is to solve social, economic, cultural, or political issues as well as to work for the common good.


4. Own funds:


These organizations create and maintain their own funds. 


Primarily, these organizations collect donations from the public.


Many private business organizations even provide financial support to NGOs. 

Also, some non-governmental organizations are funded by international authorities.


5. Legally registered:


However, NGOs can operate without legal registration. 

However, in most cases, the laws of different countries state that NGOs must be legally registered. 

Also, only legally registered voluntary organizations are able to receive official grants.


6. Non-criminal organizations:


Non-governmental organizations are not involved in any anti-social or criminal activities.


7. Nonprofit at work:


No NGO makes a profit for personal gain. 

However, almost all NGOs conduct some revenue generating activities. 


However, it is absolutely inappropriate to distribute those profits among the board members. 


Instead, it is important to use these profits to expand the NGO's work.



What is the work of NGO?


At present, NGOs play a very important role. 


They go beyond the jurisdiction of the government and try to fill the gaps in the society. 


Below is a discussion of some of their special work for the society -


1. Social Security Providers:


For the sake of public welfare, these NGOs have become a major part of solving our social problems and meeting our needs. 


These organizations play a significant role in providing security to the poor and needy.


2. Women Empowerment:


NGOs play a vital role in working for the empowerment of women. 


There is a relentless struggle to reduce the oppression of women in the society, such as dowry system, chastity, domestic violence, social threats, female feticide and so on. 


They also carry out various activities for the employment and education of women. 

Nowadays, these organizations are also working hard enough to eliminate gender inequality.


3. Introduction to the service:


These non-profit organizations act as a kind of mechanism by which people can express their concern about any social or economic difficulties and ask for help without hesitation. 


NGOs make the society trust them and create a conducive environment.


4. Progressive development:


People continue to destroy the natural environment to improve their livelihood. 

However, NGOs are also keeping an eye on all these activities. 


They are coming up with various control measures to prevent overuse of natural resources. 


So that environmental damage does not cause our health problems or unwarranted natural disasters. 


5. Participate in community conservation:


These organizations offer a variety of alternative approaches to engaging in meaningful dialogue with disadvantaged communities and to address any community-related issues. 


Many Indian NGOs work to preserve and promote the diverse culture here.


6. Improves government performance:


Many NGOs work to ensure that the government is acting responsibly or that it is solving citizens' problems. 


So that the government is responsible to the country and its citizens. 


They allow the government to advise and improve policy making and encourage flexibility by providing their own research teams and expertise.


7.Children's education:


There are many NGOs that play an important role in educating children. 


In many cases, they provide free textbooks, computers and other materials to rural schools. 


They even provide education, shelter and services to street children, orphans or disadvantaged children.


8. Development of youth society:


Various NGOs also run various programs for the development of the youth of the society and to develop their talents.


9. Animal protection:


NGOs also play a significant role in stopping the persecution, cruelty and oppression of endangered animals and birds. 


They also take great care to protect the animals.


10. Disability Improvement:


Various voluntary organizations also take various steps to protect the interests and provide a healthy life to the disabled and helpless people of the society.


11. Infrastructure Development and Management:


These non-governmental organizations can be used for land acquisition and development. 


It can even build housing. 


These organizations also provide basic facilities like public toilets, waste collection services to the society. 


The various roles of social reform are also among the major roles of NGOs.


12. Technical support and training:


These companies provide technical support and training in various fields. 

Such as - giving computer education to children, training rural women to become financially independent and so on.


13. Makes communication easier:


NGOs become a means of communication between the people and the government and between the government and the people. 

They facilitate communication between companies through networking.


14. Service provided:


These types of organizations cover programs such as public health, education services or family planning. 


15. Serves as a helping hand in times of danger:


There are many NGOs which carry out social welfare programs during natural calamities like earthquakes, floods etc. 


Many NGOs provide financial assistance as well as adequate relief to the victims of tsunamis, floods, cyclones and other natural disasters.


16. Protects the environment:


Many NGOs play a significant role in protecting the environment. 


They undertake various programs to prevent pollution of water, air, soil and other environment.


16. Stopping the exploitation of unorganized labor:


Many NGOs carry out various activities to prevent bonded labor. 


They have a special role to play in preventing illegal labor.

 


Our last word,


So friends, this is the end of our article  about NGO today.


Hopefully, you have understood very clearly what is meant by NGO or what is meant by NGO and what are the characteristics of NGO .


If you like the article, please let us know in the comments.


Also, if you have any questions or suggestions related to the article, please let us know in the comments below.

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